Calendar of Divi and Heroes

For simplicity’s sake, the following list is in Latin (that way I don’t need to jump back and forth between terms like diés nátális, classical names and English syntax). I follow the Latin conventions of indicating long vowels with an acute accent and not distinguishing between the consonant and vowel forms of i and u. In this calendar, each hero/ine and diva/divus is commemorated on one day (though more for each is certainly possible). By choice, this is their birthday or diés nátális. Where this is not known, I have sometimes used a traditional date in commemoration of the person, such as a French name day (indicated [fr]) or a date, known or approximated, when they did some great deed (usually indicated as an ἀριστεία or ‘high deed’—I use the term not only for Homeric heroes but also for fighters like Vercingetorix and Penda). Homeric dates follow, faute de mieux, those Edward Greswell deduces in Origines kalendariæ Hellenicæ (1862). On a couple of occasions, the only date known or approximated is the date of death (these are designated diés in memoriá). I have somtimes followed dates from P. Sufenas Virius Lupus’ calendar (indicated [PSVL]) or assigned my own (indicated [OEC]), generally for reasons not entirely arbitrary. (Sertorius, for example, gets a date in springtime—one week before the Kalends of May—since Plutarch notes his longing to retire peacefully to the Isles of the Blest, where eternal springtime reigns.) I include on this list those on whom it is my wish to bestow heroes’ honours (which includes Hercules, as he is both a god and a hero). I also include divi and divae so as not to divide Germanicus from Claudius, for example; however, I do exclude mortals who became gods, such as Æneas, Romulus or Antinoüs, since they belong rather to a calendar commemorating gods.

Ianuárius
1: diés nátális Laurentií Medicis magnificí
3: diés nátális Cicerónis
14: diés nátális Drúsí
15: diés nátális Martíní Lutherí King iúnióris
16: diés nátális Antiochí Theí
24: diés nátális díuí Hadriání
29: diés nátális régínae Lili‘uokalani
30: diés nátális Olauí Palme

Februárius
1: diés nátális Herculis
12: diés nátális Britannicí et Abrahamí Lincoln
14: diés nátális Fredericí Douglass
16: diés nátális díuae Faustínae maióris

Martius
3: diés nátális Iosephí dúcis natiónis Nez Percé
5: diés nátális Rosae Luxemburg
7: diés nátális Lúcillae Augustae
15: dies in honórem Hypatiae
17: diés in honórem Cú Chulainn [PSVL]
20: diés nátális Ouidií Násónis

Aprílis
4 siue 5: in honórem «Imperátóris Fláuí» nátiónis Séricae
13: diés nátális Thómae Ieffersónií
15: diés nátális Maecénátis
23: diés nátális Gulielmí Shakesperií
24: diés in honórem Sertórií [OEC]
26: diés nátális díuí Marcí Antoníní
27: ἀριστεία Diomédis et Glaucí [OEC] ; pugna Hectoris et Aiacis [OEC] ; diés nátális Ulyssis S. Grant

Máius
1: diés in memóriá Sarpédonis [OEC]
4: diés nátális Kāngxī imperátóris siue Shèngzǔ
14: diés nátális Robertí Owen
19: diés nátális Atatürk
20: diés nátális Toussaint Louverture
24: diés nátális Germánicí Caesaris
29: diés nátális Carolí II régis Angliae, Scotiae Hiberniaeque

Iúnius
9: diés in honórem Finn Mac Cumhaill [PSVL]
10: diés Portugalliae in honórem Ludouicí Camonií
20: diés nátális Theobaldí Wolfe Tone
26: ἀριστεία Vercingetoricí in Gergouiá ; diés in memóriá Gemistí Plethónis

Iúlius
4: diés nátális díuae Matidiae
12: dies nátális díuí Iúlií
15: diés in honórem Homérí [OEC]
18: diés nátális Nelson Mandelae
24: diés nátális Simónis Bolívar

Augustus
1: diés nátális díuórum Claudií et Pertinácis
5: ἀριστεία Pendae in Maserfelth
10: initium regní Antiochí Theí
15: diés nátális díuae Marciánae ; diés in honórem Niklot [OEC]
19: diés nátális díuí Próbí
28: diés nátális Ióhannis Volfgangí Goethií

September
3: diés nátális Ióhannis Jaurès
8: diés in honórem Ruricí [OEC]
9: diés in honórem Boudiccae [OEC]
11: diés nátális Aesculápií
13: ἀριστεία Indutiomárí [OEC]
16: acclámátio Owyni Glyndŵr principis Walliae
18: diés nátális díuí Traiání
19: diés nátális díuí Antóníní pií
23: diés nátális díuí Augustí
27: diés nátális Cosimí Medicis patrí patriae
28: diés nátális Confucií

Octóber
1: diés in honórem T. Fláminíní
2: diés nátális Mahatmae Gandhi
7: diés in honórem Ser. Tullii
15: ἀριστεία Ambioricí in Atuatucá [OEC] ; diés nátális Vergilií Marónis
29: diés nátális Ludouicí Blanc ; diés in honórem Zenobiae [fr]

Nouember
1: diés in honórem Agrippae [OEC] et Epponinae [fr]
5: diés nátális Eugenii Debs
6: diés nátális díuí Iúliání
7: diés nátális Platónis et Iacobí Cook
8: diés nátális díuí Neruae
17: diés nátális díuí Vespasiání
19: diés in honórem Sapphús [PSVL]
30 diés nátális Andreae Palladií

December
2: diés nátális Petrí II imperátóris Brasiliae
8: diés nátális Horátií Flaccí
10: tribúnicia potestás díuí Postumí ; tribúnátus Gracchórum
15: diés nátális díuí Vérí
18: diés nátális Christínae régínae Sueciae
30: diés nátális díuí Títí

8 Responses to Calendar of Divi and Heroes

  1. Filipa says:

    Ludouicí Camonií is the same as in portuguese Luís de Camões? I’m portuguese btw 🙂

    • DeoMercurio says:

      Na certa! Não posso ler português bastante bem para ler as Lusíadas na versão original, infelizmente, mas eu adoro o poema numa tradução inglesa que eu li. É também uma pessoa histórica muito interressante, Camões.

      • Filipa says:

        Lusíadas não é uma leitura fácil mesmo para um português 🙂 Também tem muitas referências (mitológicas, históricas…) que por vezes não se percebe logo à primeira. Mas é uma leitura obrigatória nas escolas.

  2. Small thing: I’ve got Sappho on Nov. 19th, not October 19th. 🙂

  3. Because it’s the first day we recognize Julia Balbilla, the “Sappho of Hadrian’s Court,” we decided to place her there out of sympathy, pretty much.

    (Some of the reasons for the placement of a few of our feasts are a bit arbitrary, granted, but they meant something to us at the time…!?!)

  4. I don’t think she’s mentioned in very many places at all; she has the inscriptions she made on the Colossoi of Memnon, and then I think one or two others in Athens, but we know a lot about her family and ancestors, comparatively speaking. I can’t recall if she is mentioned directly in either Cassius Dio or the HA, but she might have been…There will certainly be references in Birley’s Hadrian the Restless Emperor, in any case.

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